Causality and the ontology of disease

Applied Ontology 10 (2):79-105 (2015)

Authors
Robert J. Rovetto
American Military University
Abstract
The goal of this paper is two-fold: first, to emphasize causality in disease ontology and knowledge representation, presenting a general and cursory discussion of causality and causal chains; and second, to clarify and develop the River Flow Model of Diseases (RFM). The RFM is an ontological account of disease, representing the causal structure of pathology. It applies general knowledge of causality using the concept of causal chains. The river analogy of disease is explained, formal descriptions are offered, and the RFM disease definition is refined by describing causal chains in terms of causal relations. The definition is updated to coincide with the actual RFM classes found in its upper-level ontology, YAMATO, which brings to light some challenges in developing both YAMATO and the RFM. The RFM is also discussed in relation to another ontological account of disease. Strategies are offered toward interoperability between these theories.
Keywords ontology  applied ontology  philosophy of biology  biomedical ontology  metaphysics  causality  causation  knowledge representation  informatics  formal ontology
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.3233/ao-150147
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 42,401
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Causation as Simultaneous and Continuous.Michael Huemer & Ben Kovitz - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (213):556–565.
Causation, Nomic Subsumption, and the Concept of Event.Jaegwon Kim - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (8):217-236.
“Disease Entity” as the Key Theoretical Concept of Medicine.Peter Hucklenbroich - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6):609-633.
Causation in Epidemiology.M. Parascandola & D. L. Weed - 2001 - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 55:905--912.

View all 10 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Remarks on the Ontology of Living Beings and the Causality of Their Behavior.Thomas Buchheim - 2014 - In Marek Rosiak & Miroslaw Szatkowski (eds.), Substantiality and Causality. De Gruyter. pp. 21-34.
Shaping Up: The Phenotypic Quality Ontology and Cross Sections.Robert J. Rovetto - 2013 - In Oliver Kutz, Mehul Bhatt, Stefano Borgo & Paulo Santos (eds.), CEUR Workshop Procecedings Vol-1007.
Nietzsche's Will to Power as Naturalist Critical Ontology.Donovan Miyasaki - 2013 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 30 (3):251-69.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-09-30

Total views
57 ( #140,171 of 2,255,372 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
18 ( #45,062 of 2,255,372 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature