Citation of Retracted Articles in Engineering: A Study of the Web of Science Database

Ethics and Behavior 29 (8):661-679 (2019)
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to compare the quantity of citations that retracted and nonretracted articles received in engineering based on articles indexed in the Web of Science database and published between 1945 and 2015. For data analysis, the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences was used along with the Kolmogorov–Smirnov, Mann–Whitney, Tukey–Kramer tests and descriptive statistics. The data set included 238 retracted and 236 nonretracted articles, with the retracted articles cited 2,348 times and nonretracted articles cited 2,957 times. The results highlight that retraction does not end citation, thus threatening scientific credibility.

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