BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):2- (2013)

Background: Waiving parent permission can be an option in some epidemiological and social research with adolescents. However, exemptions have not been uniformly considered or applied. Our aim is to critically assess the different factors that could be taken into account when making decisions about waiving active parental permission in observational research with adolescents.DiscussionIn some cases alternatives to parental permission could be applied to protect the rights of both adolescents and parents and also to assure the benefits to adolescents as a group that can come from appropriately conducted studies. However, the criteria of ensuring minimal risk can be difficult to define and apply and a distinction between harm and discomfort is reviewed. Waiving active parental permission could be acceptable when the risk of harm is minimal; when the research questions are related to an activity for which adolescents are not legally considered to be children; when the risk of harm or discomfort may increase if parental permission is required; and when risk of discomfort is low because the questionnaire is not potentially offensive for some adolescents and/or for some parents.SummaryStringent rules concerning parental permission in some studies could be detrimental to adolescents. A framework and a decision tree guide are proposed to help researchers and Research Ethics Committees in their decisions on whether active parental permission must be obtained
Keywords Adolescents  Parental consent  Research ethics  Observational research  Health surveys  Research subjects
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DOI 10.1186/1472-6939-14-2
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Research on Medical Records Without Informed Consent.Franklin G. Miller - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):560-566.
Research on Medical Records Without Informed Consent.Franklin G. Miller - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):560-566.

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