Moral philosophy and moral psychology in mencius

Asian Philosophy 8 (1):47 – 64 (1998)

Abstract

This paper defends both an interpretation of Mencius' moral theory and that theory itself against alternative interpretive defences. I argue that the 'virtue ethics' reading of Mencius wrongly sees him as denying the distinction between moral philosophy and moral psychology. Virtue ethics is flawed, because it makes such a denial. But Mencius' moral theory, in spite of Mencius' obvious interest in moral psychology, does not have that flaw. However, I argue that Mencius is no rationalist. Instead, I show that he upholds a coherentist moral theory, in which reason and psychology both have a role. The final third of the paper compares my interpretation with the work of various important Mencius scholars. I point out that the issue of the difference between moral philosophy and moral psychology is quite important in contemporary Western moral theory.

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Author's Profile

James Ryan
University of Miami (PhD)

References found in this work

Mencius and Early Chinese Thought.Kwong-loi Shun - 1997 - Stanford University Press.
Mencius and Early Chinese Thought.Jane M. Geaney & Kwon-loi Shun - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (2):366.

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