The paper presents a diachronic analysis of Polish _ miód _ ‘honey’, English _ mead _ and Germa n _ Met _ ‘mead’ conducted according to a new approach to contrastive studies.Taking into account potential cognates in other languages, the work aims to investigate the evolution of the common ancestor word _ *med h -u- _ in two lines of development: the Slavic leading to modern Polish, and the Germanic leading to modern English and High German. In order to understand these branching paths, the pertinent sound changes have been identified, which transformed the common proto-form. These developments are illustrated with further examples and, in the summary, ordered chronologically. The paper also discusses an old compound _ *medvědь _, which can be considered a taboo designation for a bear, and contains also the root __ * ___ medъ _ ‘honey’.
Keywords Slavic-Germanic cognates  contrastive analysis  diachronic analysis  relic  sound change
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DOI 10.18778/1427-9665.14.06
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