Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4):663-680 (2014)

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Abstract
This article looks at the way people determine the antecedent of a pronoun in sentence pairs, such as: Albert invited Ron to dinner. He spent hours cleaning the house. The experiment reported here is motivated by the idea that such judgments depend on reasoning about identity . Because the identity of an individual over time depends on the causal-historical path connecting the stages of the individual, the correct antecedent will also depend on causal connections. The experiment varied how likely it is that the event of the first sentence would cause the event of the second for each of the two individuals . Decisions about the antecedent followed causal likelihood. A mathematical model of causal identity accounted for most of the key aspects of the data from the individual sentence pairs
Keywords Causation  Anaphora  Pronoun resolution  Ambiguity resolution  Singular concepts  Identity over time  Causal reasoning
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DOI 10.1111/tops.12105
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References found in this work BETA

Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
Philosophical Explanations.Robert Nozick - 1981 - Harvard University Press.
Mental Files.François Recanati - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
The Self and the Future.Bernard Williams - 1970 - Philosophical Review 79 (2):161-180.

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The Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning.Michael Waldmann (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

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