Private Contractors, Foreign Troops, and Offshore Detention Centers: The Ethics of Externalizing Immigration Controls


Authors
Alex Sager
Portland State University
Abstract
Despite the prevalence of externalization, much work in the ethics of immigration continues to assume that the admission of immigrants is determined by state immigration officials who decide whether to admit travelers at official crossings. This assumption neglects how decisions about entrance have been increasingly relocated abroad – to international waters, consular offices, airports, or foreign territories – often with non-governmental or private actors, as well as foreign governments functioning as intermediaries. Externalization poses a fundamental challenge to achieving just migration policies. It reliably harms vulnerable people, prevents refugees from receiving protection, leads to human rights abuses, and dissipates blame and accountability, creating a serious lacuna in assigning moral responsibility.
Keywords Migration  Immigration  Social and Political Philosophy  Borders  Externalization
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References found in this work BETA

Democratic Theory and Border Coercion.Arash Abizadeh - 2008 - Political Theory 36 (1):37-65.
An Overview of the Ethics of Immigration.Joseph H. Carens - 2014 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (5):538-559.
... Oath, Curse, and Blessing.A. E. Crawley - 1934 - London: Watts & Co..

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