Erkenntnis 80 (S2):195-214 (2015)

Mark Sainsbury
University of Texas at Austin
When are two tokens of a name tokens of the same name? According to this paper, the answer is a matter of the historical connections between the tokens. For each name, there is a unique originating event, and subsequent tokens are tokens of that name only if they derive in an appropriate way from that originating event. The conditions for a token being a token of a given name are distinct from the conditions for preservation of the reference of a name. Hence a name may change its reference. Defending the theory requires considerations about the identity of acts, and about empty names and disagreement. The upshot is a causal theory of the identity of names, but not what would normally be counted as a causal theory of the reference of names. Although reference is often transmitted causally, what determines semantic reference is conventionalized speaker-reference
Keywords names  causal referential chains  reference
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DOI 10.1007/s10670-014-9705-y
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References found in this work BETA

Naming and Necessity.Saul Kripke - 1980 - Harvard University Press.
Naming and Necessity.Saul A. Kripke - 1980 - In Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel (eds.), Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 431-433.
The Causal Theory of Names.Gareth Evans - 1973 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 47 (1):187–208.

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Citations of this work BETA

A Pluralistic Theory of Wordhood.Luca Gasparri - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
Reference in Fiction.Stacie Friend - 2019 - Disputatio 11 (54):179-206.
Names in Strange Places.Aidan Gray - 2017 - Linguistics and Philosophy 40 (5):429-472.
The Use-Conditional Indexical Conception of Proper Names.Dolf Rami - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (1):119-150.

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