Rarely pure and never simple: Tensions in the theory of truth

Topoi 29 (2):125-135 (2010)
Section 1 discerns ambiguity in the word “truth”, observing that the term is used most naturally in reference to truth-bearers rather than truth-makers. Focusing on truths-as-truth-bearers, then, it would appear that alethic realism conflicts with metaphysical realism as naturalistically construed. Section 2 discerns ambiguity in the purporting of truth (as in assertion), conjecturing that all expressions, not just those found in traditionally recognized opaque contexts, can be read intensionally (as well, perhaps, as extensionally). For instance, we would not generally want to say that “The Matterhorn is 4,500 m high” expresses the same truth as “The Matterhorn is 14763.7795276 feet high” (or that it is true in the same range of utterance contexts), even though the two are extensionally equivalent. The reason is that they express different intensions.
Keywords Conceptual scheme  Granularity  Incommensurability  Indeterminacy  Intension  Realism  Truth
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DOI 10.1007/s11245-009-9072-5
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George Lakoff (1980). Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press.

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