Topoi 40 (2):327–341 (2021)

Pietro Salis
Universita di Cagliari
Francesca Ervas
Universita di Cagliari
The paper investigates the epistemological and communicative competences the experts need to use and communicate evidence in the reasoning process leading to diagnosis. The diagnosis and diagnosis communication are presented as intertwined processes that should be jointly addressed in medical consultations, to empower patients’ compliance in illness management. The paper presents defeasible reasoning as specific to the diagnostic praxis, showing how this type of reasoning threatens effective diagnosis communication and entails that we should understand diagnostic evidence as defeasible as well. It argues that metaphors might be effective communicative devices to let the patients understand the relevant defeasors in the diagnostic reasoning process, helping to improve effective diagnosis communication, and also encouraging a change in patients’ beliefs and attitudes on their own experience of illness and illness’ management.
Keywords Diagnostic evidence  Defeasible reasoning  Diagnosis communication  Nonmonotonic inference  Medical metaphors
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Reprint years 2020, 2021
DOI 10.1007/s11245-020-09698-y
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References found in this work BETA

How the Laws of Physics Lie.Nancy Cartwright - 1983 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Metaphors We Live By.George Lakoff & Mark Johnson - 1980 - University of Chicago Press.
Theory of Knowledge.Roderick Milton Chisholm - 1966 - Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA: Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
Theory and Evidence.Clark N. Glymour - 1980 - Princeton University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Ignorant Cognition: Limits, Habits and Imaginative Thinking. [REVIEW]Francesca Ervas - 2021 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 40 (2):225-229.

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