On the Relation Between Metaphor and Simile: When Comparison Fails

Mind and Language 21 (3):360-378 (2006)

Since Aristotle, many writers have treated metaphors and similes as equals: any metaphor can be paraphrased as a simile, and vice‐versa. This property of metaphors is the basis for psycholinguistic comparison theories of metaphor comprehension. However, if metaphors cannot always be paraphrased as similes, then comparison theories must be abandoned. The different forms of a metaphor—the comparison and categorical forms—have different referents. In comparison form, the metaphor vehicle refers to the literal concept, e.g. ‘in my lawyer is like a shark’, the term ‘shark’ refers to the literal fish. In categorical form, ‘my lawyer is a shark’, ‘shark’ refers to an abstract (metaphorical) category of predatory creatures. This difference in reference makes it possible for a metaphor and its corresponding simile to differ (a) in interpretability and (b) in meaning. Because a metaphor cannot always be understood in terms of its corresponding simile, we conclude that comparison theories of metaphor are fundamentally flawed.
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DOI 10.1111/j.1468-0017.2006.00282.x
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References found in this work BETA

The Career of Metaphor.Brian F. Bowdle & Dedre Gentner - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):193-216.
Metaphor in Context. [REVIEW]David Hills - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (3):473-478.
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Citations of this work BETA

Metaphor in Sign Languages.Irit Meir & Ariel Cohen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
Metaphorical Singular Reference. The Role of Enriched Composition in Reference Resolution.Anne Bezuidenhout - 2007 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 3.
A Defence of the Indispensability of Metaphor.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2019 - Philosophical Investigations 42 (3):241-263.
A Defence of the Indispensability of Metaphor.Javier Prado Salas - 2019 - Philosophical Investigations 42 (3):241-263.

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