In David Shoemaker (ed.), Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility 7. Oxford University Press. pp. 81-103 (2021)

Jack Samuel
New York University
Christa Peterson
University of Southern California
Metaethical constructivism aims to explain morality’s authority and relevance by basing it in agency, in a capacity of the creatures who are in fact morally bound. But constructivists have struggled to wring anything recognizably moral from an appropriately minimal conception of agency. Even if they could, basing our reasons in our individual agency seems to make other people reason-giving for us only indirectly. This paper argues for a constructivism based on a social conception of agency, on which our capacity to recognize ourselves as having reasons ties us inescapably to others. It argues that mutual recognition is a pervasive feature of linguistic concepts, and builds this into a view called transformative expressivism.
Keywords Constructivism  Expressivism  Agency  Mutual Recognition  Alienation  Moral Concern  Concepts
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Being Realistic About Reasons.T. M. Scanlon - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
The Sources of Normativity.Christine M. Korsgaard - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
The Origin of Concepts.Susan Carey - 2009 - Oxford University Press.

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