Causal necessity and logical necessity

Philosophical Studies 28 (2):185 - 194 (1975)
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Abstract

Myles Brand and Marshall Swain advocate the principle that if A is the set of conditions individually necessary and jointly sufficient for the occurrence of B, then if C is a set of conditions individually necessary for the occurrence of B, every member of C is a member of A. I agree with John Barker and Risto Hilpinen who each argue that this principle is not true for causal necessity and sufficiency, but I disagree with their claim that it is true for logical necessity and sufficiency. The original appeal of the principle may be due to confusing two kinds of totality: to say that when every member of set A obtains, then every condition necessary for E obtains is not to say that every condition necessary for E is a member of A. All the authors mentioned believe that causal necessity precludes logical necessity. I deny this on the basis of an example from kinematics. Hume has not refuted definitions of causation in terms of logically necessary and sufficient conditions, nor have Brand and Swain.

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David Sanford
Duke University

Citations of this work

Mental causation, compatibilism and counterfactuals.Dwayne Moore - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (1):20-42.
Causal necessity and logical necessity.David H. Sanford - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (2):185 - 194.
Causal necessity and logical necessity.David H. Sanford - 1978 - Philosophical Studies 33 (2):185 - 194.
Causation and causal necessity: Reply to Sanford.Myles Brand & Marshall Swain - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 29 (6):369 - 379.
Causal Necessity and Logical Necessity.David H. Sanford - 1978 - Philosophical Studies 33 (2):185-194.

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References found in this work

Causal necessity and logical necessity.David H. Sanford - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (2):185 - 194.
On the analysis of causation.Myles Brand & Marshall Swain - 1970 - Synthese 21 (2):222 - 227.
Causation and causal necessity: Reply to Sanford.Myles Brand & Marshall Swain - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 29 (6):369 - 379.
On the conditions of causality.Risto Hilpinen - 1973 - Philosophical Studies 24 (6):386 - 391.

View all 9 references / Add more references