Mind 85 (April):189-208 (1976)

David Sanford
Duke University
The primary objects of hearing are sounds: everything we hear we hear by hearing a sound. (This claim differs from Berkeley’s that we hear only sounds and from Aristotle’s that we only hear sounds.) Colored regions are primary objects of sight, and pressure resistant regions are primary objects of perception by touch. By definition, the primary objects of perception are physical. The properties of the primary objects of perception are exactly the properties sense-datum theories attribute to sense-data. Indirect Realism holds that awareness of sense-data (or something similar) mediates our perception of primary objects. Direct Realism denies this. The question when the perception of a primary object, such as parts of the surfaces of a hat and coat, is thereby the perception of a non-primary object, such as a person, is independent of the disagreement between Direct and Indirect Realism.
Keywords Epistemology  Metaphysics  Object  Perception  Urmson, J
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1093/mind/LXXXV.338.189
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 72,634
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

II-The Significance of the Senses.Matthew Nudds - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (1):31-51.
L'étoffe du sensible [Sensible Stuffs].Olivier Massin - 2014 - In J.-M. Chevalier & B. Gaultier (eds.), Connaître, Questions d'épistémologie contemporaine. Paris, France: Ithaque. pp. 201-230.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Representing the Impossible.Jennifer Matey - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (2):188 - 206.
Three Grades of Immediate Perception: Thomas Reid’s Distinctions.Todd Buras - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (3):603–632.
Experience And The Objects Of Perception.Leonard S. Carrier - 1967 - Washington: University Press Of America.
Arguments Against Direct Realism and How to Counter Them.Pierre le Morvan - 2004 - American Philosophical Quarterly 41 (3):221-234.
The Nature of Perception.John Foster - 2000 - New York: Oxford University Press.
Object Perception: Vision and Audition.Casey O’Callaghan - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (4):803-829.


Added to PP index

Total views
219 ( #53,588 of 2,533,815 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #388,784 of 2,533,815 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes