An ethnomethodological approach to examine exploitation in the context of capacity, trust and experience of commercial surrogacy in India

Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8:10 (2013)
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Abstract

The socio-ethical concerns regarding exploitation in commercial surrogacy are premised on asymmetric vulnerability and the commercialization of women’s reproductive capacity to suit individualistic motives. In examining the exploitation argument, this article reviews the social contract theory that describes an individual as an ‘economic man’ with moral and/or political motivations to satisfy individual desires. This study considers the critique by feminists, who argue that patriarchal and medical control prevails in the surrogacy contracts. It also explores the exploitative dynamics amongst actors in the light of Baier’s conceptualization of trust and human relationship, within which both justice and exploitation thrive, and Foucault’s concept of bio-power. Drawing on these concepts, this paper aims to investigate the manifestations of exploitation in commercial surrogacy in the context of trust, power and experiences of actors, using a case study of one clinic in India. The actors’ experiences are evaluated at different stages of the surrogacy process: recruitment, medical procedures, living in the surrogate home, bonding with the child and amongst actors, financial dealings, relinquishment and post-relinquishment

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Citations of this work

The Bad Mother: Stigma, Abortion and Surrogacy.Paula Abrams - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):179-191.
Global justice, capabilities approach and commercial surrogacy in India.Sheela Saravanan - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (3):295-307.
On the other side of the camera.Sayani Mitra & Solveig Lena Hansen - 2015 - Ethik in der Medizin 27 (1):69-80.

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References found in this work

Trust and antitrust.Annette Baier - 1986 - Ethics 96 (2):231-260.
The Sexual Contract.Carole Pateman - 1988 - Polity Press.
The Sexual Contract.Carole Pateman - 1990 - Ethics 100 (3):658-669.
On the Citizen.Thomas Hobbes - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.

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