A note on frequency dependence and the levels/units of selection

Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):217-228 (2008)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

On the basis of distinctions between those properties of entities that can be defined without reference to other entities and those that (in different ways) cannot, this note argues that non-trivial forms of frequency-dependent selection of entities should be interpreted as selection occurring at a level higher than that of those entities. It points out that, except in degenerately simple cases, evolutionary game-theoretic models of selection are not models of individual selection. Similarly, models of genotypic selection such as heterosis cannot be legitimately interpreted as models of genic selection. The analysis presented here supports the views that: (i) selection should be viewed as a multi-level process; (ii) upper-level selection is ubiquitous; (iii) kin selection should be viewed as a type of group selection rather than individual selection; and (iv) inclusive fitness is not an individual property.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,419

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The Selection of Alleles and the Additivity of Variance.Sahotra Sarkar - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:3 - 12.
What is hierarchical selection?Ben Goertzel - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):27-33.
The units of selection and the bases of selection.David Walton - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (3):417-435.
Models of group selection.Deborah G. Mayo & Norman L. Gilinsky - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (4):515-538.
Levels of Selection in Synergy.Alejandro Rosas - 2009 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):135-150.
Maynard Smith on the levels of selection question.Samir Okasha - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (5):989-1010.
Grades of Organization and the Units of Selection Controversy.Robert C. Richardson - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:324 - 340.
The Levels of Selection.Robert N. Brandon - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:315 - 323.

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
58 (#206,315)

6 months
1 (#452,962)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Sahotra Sarkar
University of Texas at Austin

Citations of this work

Facts, Conventions, and the Levels of Selection.Pierrick Bourrat - 2021 - Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Units and levels of selection.Elisabeth Lloyd - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
A trilemma for teleological individualism.John Basl - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4):1027-1029.
Varieties of population structure and the levels of selection.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (1):25-50.
Nagel on reduction.Sahotra Sarkar - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:43-56.

View all 10 citations / Add more citations

References found in this work

Genetics and Reductionism.Sahotra Sarkar - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
The return of the Gene.Kim Sterelny & Philip Kitcher - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (7):339-361.
The Return of the Gene.Kim Sterelny & Philip Kitcher - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (7):339.

View all 14 references / Add more references