David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (3):217-251 (2009)
I shall compare two views of legal concepts: as nodes in inferential nets and as categories in an ontology (a conceptual architecture). Firstly, I shall introduce the inferential approach, consider its implications, and distinguish the mere possession of an inferentially defined concept from the belief in the concept’s applicability, which also involves the acceptance of the concept’s constitutive inferences. For making this distinction, the inferential and eliminative analysis of legal concepts proposed by Alf Ross will be connected to the views on theoretical concepts in science advanced by Frank Ramsey and Rudolf Carnap. Consequently, the mere comprehension of a legal concept will be distinguished from the application of the concept to a particular legal system, since application presupposes a doctrinal commitment, namely, the belief that the inferences constituting the concept hold in that system. Then, I shall consider how concepts can be characterised by defining the corresponding terms and placing them within an ontology. Finally, I shall argue that there is a tension between the inferential and the ontological approach, but that both need to be taken into account, to capture the meaning and the cognitive function of legal concepts.
|Keywords||Legal concepts Inference Ontology|
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References found in this work BETA
W. V. Quine (1960). Word and Object. MIT Press.
Robert Brandom (2000). Articulating Reasons: An Introduction to Inferentialism. Harvard University Press.
Robert B. Brandom (1994). Making It Explicit: Reasoning, Representing, and Discursive Commitment. Harvard University Press.
Douglas Walton, Chris Reed & Fabrizio Macagno (2008). Argumentation Schemes. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Fumiko Kano Glückstad, Tue Herlau, Mikkel N. Schmidt & Morten Mørup (2014). Cross-Categorization of Legal Concepts Across Boundaries of Legal Systems: In Consideration of Inferential Links. Artificial Intelligence and Law 22 (1):61-108.
Anatoly P. Getman & Volodymyr V. Karasiuk (2014). A Crowdsourcing Approach to Building a Legal Ontology From Text. Artificial Intelligence and Law 22 (3):313-335.
Jaap Hage (2011). A Model of Juridical Acts: Part 1: The World of Law. [REVIEW] Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (1):23-48.
Lars Lindahl & Jan Odelstad (2011). Stratification of Normative Systems with Intermediaries. Journal of Applied Logic 9 (2):113-136.
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