Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (1-3):95-112 (2002)

This paper proposes to model legal reasoning asdialectical theory-constructiondirected by teleology. Precedents are viewed asevidence to be explained throughtheories. So, given a background of factors andvalues, the parties in a case canbuild their theories by using a set of operators,which are called theory constructors.The objective of each party is to provide theoriesthat both explain the evidence (theprecedents) and support the decision wished by thatparty. This leads to theory-basedargumentation, i.e., a dialectical exchange ofcompeting theories, which support opposedoutcomes by explaining the same evidence and appealingto the same values. The winneris the party that can reply with a more coherent theoryto all theories of its adversary.
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DOI 10.1023/A:1019589831118
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References found in this work BETA

Philosophy of Natural Science.Carl Gustav Hempel - 1966 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
Conceptual Revolutions.Paul THAGARD - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
Philosophy of Natural Science.Carl G. Hempel - 1967 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):70-72.
Thagard’s Coherentism. [REVIEW]Majid Amini - 2000 - Philosophical Books 43 (2):136-140.
The Pleadings Game.Thomas F. Gordon - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 2 (4):239-292.

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Citations of this work BETA

HYPO's Legacy: Introduction to the Virtual Special Issue.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (2):205-250.
Legal Case-Based Reasoning as Practical Reasoning.Katie Atkinson & Trevor Bench-Capon - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 13 (1):93-131.
An Exercise in Formalising Teleological Case-Based Reasoning.Henry Prakken - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 10 (1-3):113-133.
Representing Popov V Hayashi with Dimensions and Factors.T. J. M. Bench-Capon - 2012 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (1):15-35.

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