Identity in 4D

Philosophical Studies 140 (2):179-195 (2008)
Authors
Thomas Sattig
University of Tuebingen
Abstract
Four-dimensionalists offer a unified picture of various puzzles about identity over time, including the puzzle of fission, the puzzle of constitution and the puzzle of undetached parts. What unifies the four-dimensionalist approaches to these puzzles is the possibility of temporal overlap—the possibility for distinct continuants to share a common temporal part, or stage. I claim that the unified picture is inconsistent, if there are informative criteria of identity over time. I will show that while temporal overlap is compatible with four-dimensionalist criteria of diachronic composition, temporal overlap is incompatible with any four-dimensionalist criteria of diachronic identity.
Keywords Identity  Persistence  Four-dimensionalism  Composition  Time
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-007-9136-6
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References found in this work BETA

Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
Survival and Identity.David K. Lewis - 1976 - In Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), The Identities of Persons. University of California Press. pp. 17-40.
Theories of Masses and Problems of Constitution.Dean W. Zimmerman - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):53-110.

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