The Role of Logical Inference in Heuristic Rationality

Abstract
One of the key concepts in the Philosophy of Logic is the notion of inference. In this paper we expand the notion of logical inference and describe its role in a comprehensive theory of rationality. Some recent rationality theories either presuppose an unattainable logical capacity or they minimize the role of logic, in light of the vast amount of data on fallacious inferential performance. In this paper we defend the view that logical acuity, redefined to include heuristics, is a necessary factor in rationality. We evaluate some presuppositions of algorithmic models and some normative and metatheoretical properties of heuristic models, and defend our model against possible objections. Our revised notion of logical inference functions as the nucleus of the notion of logical acuity which in turn is a necessary building block for a realistic model of rationality. This model emphasizes the logical role of inferential heuristics, cognitive constraints and contextuality, introduces concepts such as "obvious inference", "cautious deductive closure", and "familiarity", and develops the notions of cognitive economy and contextual limitations as tools for evaluating and predicting rational behavior
Keywords Conference Proceedings  Contemporary Philosophy  General Interest
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.5840/wcp2120075203
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 27,215
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Logic as Instrument: The Millian View on the Role of Logic.Ken Akiba - 1996 - History and Philosophy of Logic 17 (1-2):73-83.
From Inference to Reasoning: The Construction of Rationality.David Moshman - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):221 – 239.
Probability Logic in the Twentieth Century.Theodore Hailperin - 1991 - History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (1):71-110.
The Inconspicuous Role of Paraphrase.David Sherry - 1991 - History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (2):151-166.
Logic, Reasoning and the Logical Constants.Pascal Engel - 2006 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):219-235.
Logic and Truth.Ken Akiba - 2000 - Journal of Philosophical Research 25:101-123.
Meaning as an Inferential Role.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2005 - Erkenntnis 64 (1):1-35.
Paradoxical Individual Differences in Conditional Inference.Mike Oaksford & Jo Sellen - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):691-692.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2011-12-02

Total downloads

47 ( #110,232 of 2,164,580 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

2 ( #188,391 of 2,164,580 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums