“How” questions and the manner–method distinction

Synthese 193 (10) (2016)

How questions are understudied in philosophy and linguistics. They can be answered in very different ways, some of which are poorly understood. Jaworski identifies several types: ‘manner’, ‘method, means or mechanism’, ‘cognitive resolution’, and develops a logic designed to enable us to distinguish among them. Some key questions remain open, however, in particular, whether these distinctions derive from an ambiguity in how, from differences in the logical structure of the question or from contextual underspecification. Arguing from two classes of responses, adverbs and by gerunds, I give the answer that the logical structure of the question is indeed relevant: loosely, manners are adjuncts but methods are arguments
Keywords How questions   by Locution  Abstract predicates  Event properties
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Reprint years 2016
DOI 10.1007/s11229-015-0924-9
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A Theory of Human Action.Alvin I. Goldman - 1970 - Princeton University Press.
Knowing.Jason Stanley - 2011 - Noûs 45 (2):207-238.

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