London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan (2018)

Frank Scalambrino
Duquesne University (PhD)
Taking philosophical principles as a point of departure, this book provides essential distinctions for thinking through the history and systems of Western psychology. The book is concisely designed to help readers navigate through the length and complexity found in history of psychology textbooks. From Plato to beyond Post-Modernism, the author examines the choices and commitments made by theorists and practitioners of psychology and discusses the philosophical thinking from which they stem. What kind of science is psychology? Is structure, function, or methodology foremost in determining psychology's subject matter? Psychology, as the behaviorist views it, is not the same as the psychoanalyst's view of it, or the existentialist's, so how may contemporary psychology philosophically-sustain both pluralism and incommensurability? This book will be of great value to students and scholars of the history of psychology.
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ISBN(s) 978-3-319-74732-3   978-3-319-74733-0   3030090655   3319747320   9783319747323
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Chapters BETA
Conclusion: Post-Modern Turning Away from Method

This concluding chapter considers major “turns” in the Contemporary period of Western psychology; these include: the “Linguistic Turn,” the “Performative Turn” , the “Cognitive Turn,” and the “Historical Turn.” On the one hand, Contemporary psychology is found sufficiently embroiled in politics and ... see more

Modernism to Post-Modernism: Method as Archimedean Point

Directly analogous to the relation between methodology and the call for a “new philosophy,” this chapter discusses the “new psychology” established by Wilhelm Wundt. From the point of view of the philosophical principles constituting the Modern and Contemporary systems of Western psychology, a pre-K... see more

The Early Modern Battle for the Archimedean Point

Beginning with the principles of the Renaissance and the Modern Scientific Revolution, this chapter focuses on the “crisis of authority” which is historically understood to have called for a new methodology to found a “new philosophy.” Just as René Descartes’ philosophy was understood to have met th... see more

Pre-Modern to Early Modern: From Mirror of God to Mirror of Nature

This chapter discusses the principles and essential distinctions constituting the study of Western psychology from Socrates to the beginning of Renaissance and Early Modern psychology. These principles and distinctions are associated with such luminaries as: Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Epictetus, Th... see more

Some Historically Based Essential General Distinctions

Toward contextualization, essential general distinctions are discussed regarding the interpretation of psychology throughout Western history, especially the distinction between natural and human science. Providing arguments against attempts to deny the selection of, and commitment to, principles, fo... see more

Introduction: The Project of the Philosophical Archeology of the History and Systems of Psychology

This introductory chapter discusses the basic principles needed to understand the point of view this book takes regarding the history and systems of Western Psychology. On the one hand, the principles constitute essential distinctions operable in regard to the study of history and historiography. On... see more

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