In Applied Ethics Series. Centre for Applied Ethics and Philosophy, Hokkaido University. pp. 86-93 (2011)

Authors
Anne Schwenkenbecher
Murdoch University
Abstract
The starting point of the paper is the frequent ascription of moral duties to states, especially in the context of problems of global justice. It is widely assumed that industrialized or wealthy countries in particular have a moral obligation or duties of justice to shoulder burdens of poverty reduction or climate change adaptation and mitigation. But can collectives such as states actually hold moral duties? If answering this affirmatively: what does it actually mean to say that a state has moral obligations or duties of justice? In this paper I argue that states can be considered collective agents which can hold moral duties. If a collective holds moral duties this entails duties for its individual members. I show how depending on their position within the collective these duties differ
Keywords collective agency  collective responsibility  moral obligations
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Responsibility and Global Labor Justice.Iris Marion Young - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (4):365-388.
Moral Demands in Nonideal Theory.Liam B. Murphy - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
Social Action: A Teleological Account.Seumas Miller - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
The Corporation as a Moral Person.Peter A. French - 1979 - American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (3):207 - 215.

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