Journal of Military Ethics 13 (1):94-105 (2014)

Authors
Anne Schwenkenbecher
Murdoch University
Abstract
This article focuses on the ethical implications of so-called ‘collateral damage’. It develops a moral typology of collateral harm to innocents, which occurs as a side effect of military or quasi-military action. Distinguishing between accidental and incidental collateral damage, it introduces four categories of such damage: negligent, oblivious, knowing and reckless collateral damage. Objecting mainstream versions of the doctrine of double effect, the article argues that in order for any collateral damage to be morally permissible, violent agents must comply with high standards of care. In order for incidental harm to be permissible, an agent must take pains to avoid such harm even at higher cost to him- or herself. It is argued that accidentally but negligently caused collateral damage may be just as difficult to excuse as incidental harm. Only if high precautionary standards of care are met, can unintended harm to innocents – incidental or accidental – be permissible. In practice, such a strong commitment to avoiding harm to civilians may well lead us to question more generally and rethink more radically how violent conflicts ought to be fought, how military violence ought to be used and whether there are better ways of achieving those aims that we think are legitimate than those we are currently using.
Keywords Just War Theory  Doctrine of Double Effect  Collateral Damage  Tony Coady  Principle of Due Care  Noncombatant Immunity
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/15027570.2014.910015
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Killing in War.Jeff McMahan - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
The Morality of War.Brian Orend - 2006 - Broadview Press.
Doing Away with Double Effect.Alison McIntyre - 2001 - Ethics 111 (2):219-255.

View all 21 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Terrorism, Jus Post Bellum and the Prospect of Peace.Anne Schwenkenbecher - 2017 - In Florian Demont-Biaggi (ed.), The Nature of Peace and the Morality of Armed Conflict. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 123-140.
Sharing the Costs of Fighting Justly.Sara Van Goozen - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 23 (2):233-253.
When Manipulation Gets Personal.Vishnu Sridharan - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (3):464-478.
Sharing the Costs of Fighting Justly.Sara Van Goozen - 2018 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-21.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Collateral Damage.David Lefkowitz - 2008 - In Larry May & Emily Crookston (eds.), War: Essays in Political Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War.F. M. Kamm (ed.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
Double Effect, Double Intention, and Asymmetric Warfare.Steven Lee - 2004 - Journal of Military Ethics 3 (3):233-251.
On the Ethics of War and Terrorism.Uwe Steinhoff - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
A Critique of Scanlon on Double Effect.Joshua Stuchlik - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (2):178-199.
Revising the Doctrine of Double Effect.Jeff McMahan - 1994 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 11 (2):201-212.
Damaged Bodies, Damaged Identities.Hilde Lindemann Nelson - 2004 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 11 (1):7-11.
Civilian Immunity in War.Igor Primoratz - 2005 - Philosophical Forum 36 (1):41–58.
The Harm Principle.Nils Holtug - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (4):357-389.
The Double Life of Double Effect.Allison McIntyre - 2004 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (1):61-74.
Deconstructing the Doctrine of Double Effect.Richard Hull - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (2):195-207.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2012-10-25

Total views
816 ( #5,360 of 2,368,001 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
61 ( #10,784 of 2,368,001 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes