Authors
Eric Schliesser
University of Amsterdam
Abstract
This paper argues that a debate between Toland and Clarke is the intellectual context to help understand the motive behind the critic and the significance of Berkeley's response to the critic in PHK 60-66. These, in turn, are responding to Boyle's adaptation of a neglected design argument by Cicero. The paper shows that there is an intimate connection between these claims of natural science and a once famous design argument. In particular, that in the early modern period the connection between the scientific revolution and a certain commitment to final causes, and god's design, is more than merely contingent. The details of PHK 60-66 support the idea that the critic is responding to concerns that by echoing features of Toland's argument Berkeley undermines the Newtonian edifice Clarke has constructed.
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DOI 10.1017/s1358246120000090
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References found in this work BETA

The Contextualist Revolution in Early Modern Philosophy.Christia Mercer - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (3):529-548.
Newton on Active and Passive Quantities of Matter.Adwait A. Parker - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 84:1-11.
The Works of George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne.George Berkeley, A. A. Luce & T. E. Jessop - 1954 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (16):353-353.
On Reading Newton as an Epicurean: Kant, Spinozism and the Changes to the Principia.Eric Schliesser - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):416-428.

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