Consciousness and Cognition 7 (4):634-646 (1998)
Even though various investigations found a preponderance of negative emotions in dreams, the conclusion that human dream life is, in general, negatively toned is limited by several methodological issues. The present study made use of three different approaches to measure dream emotions: dream intensity rated by the dreamer, intensity rated by a judge, and scoring of explicitly mentioned emotions (Hall & Van de Castle, 1966). Results indicate that only in the case of external raters' estimates do negative emotions outweigh the positive ones; but in the case of self-ratings (i.e., those made by the dreamer himself/herself), the ratio was balanced. Analyses showed that this is mainly due to the underestimation of positive emotions in the external ratings. Additionally, a positive correlation was found between the intensity of dream emotions and dream recall frequency, whereas gender differences were nonsignificant as regards the emotional tone of diary dreams.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Emotion Profiles in the Dreams of Men and Women.Jane M. Merritt, Robert Stickgold, Edward Pace-Schott, Julie Williams & J. Allan Hobson - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):46-60.
Appropriateness of Dream Feelings to Dreamed Situations.David Foulkes, Brenda Sullivan, Nancy H. Kerr & Lisa Brown - 1988 - Cognition and Emotion 2 (1):29-39.
Citations of this work BETA
A Replication of the 5–7day Dream-Lag Effect with Comparison of Dreams to Future Events as Control for Baseline Matching. [REVIEW]Mark Blagrove, Josie Henley-Einion, Amanda Barnett, Darren Edwards & C. Heidi Seage - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):384-391.
The Threat Simulation Theory of the Evolutionary Function of Dreaming: Evidence From Dreams of Traumatized Children.K. Valli, A. Revonsuo, O. Palkas, K. Ismail, K. Ali & R. Punamaki - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):188-218.
Seeking Patterns in Dream Content: A Systematic Approach to Word Searches.Kelly Bulkeley - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):905-916.
Hypnagogic and Hypnopompic Hallucinations During Sleep Paralysis: Neurological and Cultural Construction of the Night-Mare.J. A. Cheyne, S. D. Rueffer & I. R. Newby-Clark - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):319-337.
Metaphor and Hyperassociativity: The Imagination Mechanisms Behind Emotion Assimilation in Sleep and Dreaming.Josie E. Malinowski & Caroline L. Horton - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
Similar books and articles
Ambivalent Emotions and the Perceptual Account of Emotions.Christine Tappolet - 2005 - Analysis 65 (287):229-233.
Emotions on the Net.Aaron Ben-Ze'ev - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:31-36.
The Illusory Function of Dreams: Another Example of Cognitive Bias.Linda Mealey - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):971-972.
Working Passions: Emotions and Creative Engagement with Value.Elisa A. Hurley - 2007 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (1):79-104.
Humanizing Business Through Emotions: On the Role of Emotions in Ethics. [REVIEW]Yotam Lurie - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 49 (1):1-11.
The Anomalous Foundations of Dream Telling: Objective Solipsism and the Problem of Meaning. [REVIEW]Richard A. Hilbert - 2010 - Human Studies 33 (1):41-64.
“The Dream of Reason Creates Monsters” . . . Especially When We Neglect the Role of Emotions in Rem-States.Jaak Panksepp - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):988-990.
Dreams Have Meaning but No Function.Mark Blagrove - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):910-911.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads13 ( #353,687 of 2,170,276 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #186,282 of 2,170,276 )
How can I increase my downloads?