Human Studies 25 (3):323-332 (2002)

Authors
Kory P. Schaff
California State University, Los Angeles
Abstract
The present paper motivates one possible answer to Kant’s question, “What remains of the Enlightenment?” by reinterpreting the relation between Foucault and critical tradition from Kant to the Frankfurt School. The Enlightenment has left us with “normative superstition,” or a healthy form of skepticism about the justification of modern institutions and ideals. Along these lines, I adopt an interpretation of Foucault that diverges from the standard view. I argue that he shares with his detractors a common heritage of this “critical attitude,” placing him squarely in line with Kant, Hegel, and critical theory generally. If it is possible to view this critical attitude as an expression of Enlightenment-oriented views, then there are reasons to believe that his so-called “postmodernism” is nothing more than hyper-modernism. The lines of this last argument have been made elsewhere, notably in Robert Pippin’s important work, but there is a need to situate Foucault in the unfolding narrative of modernity, rather than label him a hostile opponent to it. In my view, the “Foucault addiction” now so popular is consistent with the critical tradition and the aim of this paper is to develop this claim.
Keywords Philosophy   Kant  Critical Theory   Philosophy of the Social Sciences   Political Philosophy   Sociolinguistics
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Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1020127403968
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Mind and World.John McDowell - 1994 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Practical Philosophy.Immanuel Kant - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
Mind and World.John Mcdowell - 1994 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (2):389-394.

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