Vivarium 46 (1):59-81 (2008)
AbstractInterpreters disagree on the origin that Francisco Suárez assigns to political obligation and correlative political subjection. According to some, Suárez, as other social contract theorists, believes that it is the consent of the individuals that causes political obligation. Others, however, claim that for Suárez, political obligation is underived from the individuals' consent which creates the city. In support of this claim they invoke Suárez's view that political power emanates from the city by way of "natural resultancy". I argue that analysis of Suárez's less studied De voto and De iuramento reveals that, for Suárez, consent causes both the city and the citizen's political obligation. Moreover, close inspection of the notion of causation by natural resultancy within Suárez's metaphysics shows that what emanates from the body politic in this fashion is not, as claimed, political subjection and political obligation, but rather the city's right to self-mastership. Because for him political obligation does originate in consent it is not incorrect to regard Suárez as a social contract theorist.
Similar books and articles
Locke on Consent: The Two Treatises as Practical Ethics.Michael Davis - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (248):464-485.
Unity in the Multiplicity of Suárez's Soul.Marleen Rozemond - 2012 - In Benjamin Hill & Henrik Lagerlund (eds.), The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez. Oxford University Press.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
The Idea of the Social Contract in the History of ‘Agreementism’.Andre Santos Campos - 2019 - The European Legacy 24 (6):579-596.
¿Cómo obligar con palabras? Francisco Suárez y al promulgación de la ley humana.Mauricio Lecón - 2017 - Cuadernos Salmantinos de Filosofía 44:35-53.
Suárez, el derecho natural y la crítica contemporánea.Sebastián Contreras - 2017 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 53:255-272.