Intelligent Computer Evaluation of Offender’s Previous Record

Artificial Intelligence and Law 13 (3-4):373-405 (2005)

Abstract
This paper considers the problem of how to evaluate an offender’s criminal record. This evaluation is part of the sentencing process carried out by a judge, and may be complicated in the case of offenders with a heavy record. We give a comprehensive overview of the approach to an offender’s past record in various (Western) countries, considering the two major approaches: desert-based and utilitarian. The paper describes the determination of the parameters involved in the evaluation, and the construction of a decision support system to be used by a judge about to pass sentence in a criminal case. The system may be used as a stand-alone system, but can also be integrated as a component of a general sentencing support system, e.g. a statistical sentencing information system. The system is a knowledge-based system. The knowledge base (in rule-form) was created primarily by eliciting knowledge from experts (judges, lawyers, academics and probation officers), but also by applying statutory law, case law and legal authoritative texts. It is flexible in the sense, that a user can introduce his1 own preferences (expressed as numerical coefficients) and thereby apply different sentencing principles. The prototype is at present undergoing testing by some of the participating judges
Keywords criminal sentencing  decision support systems  previous criminal record
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2007
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10506-005-5793-y
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 46,483
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Case-Based Reasoning and its Implications for Legal Expert Systems.Kevin D. Ashley - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 1 (2-3):113-208.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
51 ( #173,890 of 2,286,549 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #595,991 of 2,286,549 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature