Newton's substance monism, distant action, and the nature of Newton's empiricism: discussion of H. Kochiras “Gravity and Newton's substance counting problem”

Abstract
This paper is a critical response to Hylarie Kochiras’ “Gravity and Newton’s substance counting problem,” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40 267–280. First, the paper argues that Kochiras conflates substances and beings; it proceeds to show that Newton is a substance monist. The paper argues that on methodological grounds Newton has adequate resources to respond to the metaphysical problems diagnosed by Kochiras. Second, the paper argues against the claim that Newton is committed to two speculative doctrines attributed to him by Kochiras and earlier Andrew Janiak: i) the passivity of matter and ii) the principle of local causation. Third, the paper argues that while Kochiras’ arguments about Newton’s metaphysical commitments are mistaken, it qualifies the characterization of Newton as an extreme empiricist as defended by Howard Stein and Rob DiSalle. In particular, the paper shows that Newton’s empiricism was an intellectual and developmental achievement that built on non trivial speculative commitments about the nature of matter and space.Keywords: Newton; Substance; Action at a distance; Space; Matter; Empiricism
Keywords Matter  Action at a distance  Space  Substance  Newton  Empiricism
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DOI 10.1016/j.shpsa.2010.11.004
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References found in this work BETA
Newton and the Reality of Force.Andrew Janiak - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):127-147.
Cotes’ Queries: Newton’s Empiricism and Conceptions of Matter.Zvi Biener & Chris Smeenk - 2012 - In Eric Schliesser & Andrew Janiak (eds.), Interpreting Newton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 105-137.
Newton's Ontology of Omnipresence and Infinite Space.J. E. McGuire & Edward Slowik - 2012 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 6.
Isaac Newton y el problema de la acción a distancia.John Henry - 2007 - Estudios de Filosofía 35:189-226.

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Citations of this work BETA
On Reading Newton as an Epicurean: Kant, Spinozism and the Changes to the Principia.Eric Schliesser - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):416-428.
Newton and Spinoza: On Motion and Matter (and God, of Course).Eric Schliesser - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):436-458.
Gravity's Cause and Substance Counting: Contextualizing the Problems.Hylarie Kochiras - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (1):167-184.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Gravity and Newton's Substance Counting Problem.Hylarie Kochiras - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40 (3):267-280.
Gravity's Cause and Substance Counting: Contextualizing the Problems.Hylarie Kochiras - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (1):167-184.
Causal Language and the Structure of Force in Newton's System of the World.Hylarie Kochiras - 2013 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (2):210-235.
By Ye Divine Arm: God and Substance in De Gravitatione.Hylarie Kochiras - 2012 - Religious Studies 2012 (September):1-30.
Newton and the Reality of Force.Andrew Janiak - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):127-147.
Newton's Empiricism and Metaphysics.Mary Domski - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (7):525-534.

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