Synthese 164 (2):201-234 (2008)
This article describes abductions as special patterns of inference to the best explanation whose structure determines a particularly promising abductive conjecture and thus serves as an abductive search strategy. A classification of different patterns of abduction is provided which intends to be as complete as possible. An important distinction is that between selective abductions, which choose an optimal candidate from given multitude of possible explanations, and creative abductions, which introduce new theoretical models or concepts. While selective abduction has dominated the literature, creative abductions are rarely discussed, although they are essential in science. The article introduces several kinds of creative abductions, such as theoretical model abduction, common cause abduction and statistical factor analysis, and illustrates them by various real case examples. It is suggested to demarcate scientifically fruitful abductions from purely speculative abductions by the criterion of causal unification
|Keywords||Abduction Inference to the best explanation Common-cause-unification Disposition Theoretical concepts Scientific discovery Analogy Factor analysis Realism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World.Wesley Salmon - 1984 - Princeton University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Causal Exclusion and Causal Bayes Nets.Alexander Gebharter - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
Inference to the Best Explanation, Coherence and Other Explanatory Virtues.Adolfas Mackonis - 2013 - Synthese 190 (6):975-995.
Structural Correspondence, Indirect Reference, and Partial Truth: Phlogiston Theory and Newtonian Mechanics.Gerhard Schurz - 2011 - Synthese 180 (2):103-120.
Should Scientific Realists Be Platonists?Jacob Busch & Joe Morrison - 2016 - Synthese 193 (2):435-449.
When Empirical Success Implies Theoretical Reference: A Structural Correspondence Theorem.Gerhard Schurz - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (1):101-133.
Similar books and articles
A Neurocomputational Approach to Abduction.Robert G. Burton - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (2):257-265.
Peirce-Suit of Truth – Why Inference to the Best Explanation and Abduction Ought Not to Be Confused.Gerhard Minnameier - 2004 - Erkenntnis 60 (1):75-105.
Abductive Reasoning: Logic, Visual Thinking, and Coherence.P. Thagard & C. P. Shelley - 1997 - In [Book Chapter].
Abduction as a Logic and Methodology of Discovery: The Importance of Strategies. [REVIEW]Sami Paavola - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):267-283.
Problems with Peirce's Concept of Abduction.Michael Hoffmann - 1999 - Foundations of Science 4 (3):271-305.
Hansonian and Harmanian Abduction as Models of Discovery.Sami Paavola - 2006 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):93 – 108.
Abduction Through Semantic Tableaux Versus Abduction Through Goal-Directed Proofs.Joke Meheus & Dagmar Provijn - 2007 - Theoria 22 (3):295-304.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads112 ( #41,535 of 2,146,978 )
Recent downloads (6 months)32 ( #8,658 of 2,146,978 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.