Philosophical Studies 163 (2):428-452 (2013)

Authors
Joshua Schechter
Brown University
Abstract
Closure for justification is the claim that thinkers are justified in believing the logical consequences of their justified beliefs, at least when those consequences are competently deduced. Many have found this principle to be very plausible. Even more attractive is the special case of Closure known as Single-Premise Closure. In this paper, I present a challenge to Single-Premise Closure. The challenge is based on the phenomenon of rational self-doubt – it can be rational to be less than fully confident in one's beliefs and patterns of reasoning. In rough outline, the argument is as follows: Consider a thinker who deduces a conclusion from a justified initial premise via an incredibly long sequence of small competent deductions. Surely, such a thinker should suspect that he has made a mistake somewhere. And surely, given this, he should not believe the conclusion of the deduction even though he has a justified belief in the initial premise.
Keywords Single-premise closure  Justification  Competent deduction  Deductive inference  Long sequence argument  Rational self-doubt
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2013
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11098-011-9823-1
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Knowledge and its Limits.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
Philosophical Explanations.Robert Nozick - 1981 - Harvard University Press.
Knowledge and Lotteries.John Hawthorne - 2003 - Oxford University Press.

View all 56 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Higher‐Order Evidence and the Limits of Defeat.Maria Lasonen-Aarnio - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (2):314-345.
Epistemic Modesty Defended.David Christensen - 2013 - In David Christensen & Jennifer Lackey (eds.), The Epistemology of Disagreement: New Essays. Oxford University Press. pp. 77.
Justified Inference.Ralph Wedgwood - 2012 - Synthese 189 (2):273-295.
Rational Reflection.David Christensen - 2010 - Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):121-140.

View all 62 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Single Premise Deduction and Risk.Maria Lasonen-Aarnio - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 141 (2):157 - 173.
Evidentialism and Skeptical Arguments.Dylan Dodd - 2012 - Synthese 189 (2):337-352.
When Does Epistemic Closure Fail?M. Yan - 2013 - Analysis 73 (2):260-264.
Interest-Relative Invariantism and Knowledge From Ignorance.Federico Luzzi - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (1):31-42.
Knowledge and Deductive Closure.James L. White - 1991 - Synthese 86 (3):409 - 423.
Sensitivity, Safety, and Closure.Sven Bernecker - 2012 - Acta Analytica 27 (4):367-381.
Contextualism About Justified Belief.Ralph Wedgwood - 2008 - Philosophers' Imprint 8:1-20.
Closure Reconsidered.Yuval Avnur - 2012 - Philosophers' Imprint 12.
Epistemic Closure’s Clash with Technology in New Markets.Dennis R. Cooley - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 108 (2):181-199.
Counter-Closure.Federico Luzzi - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):673-683.
Ideal Rationality and Hand Waving.Reed Richter - 1990 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (2):147 – 156.
Two Notions of Epistemic Risk.Martin Smith - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (5):1069-1079.
Knowledge-Closure and Inferential Knowledge.Guido Melchior - 2010 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 10 (3):259-285.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-10-23

Total views
428 ( #19,236 of 2,448,513 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
30 ( #23,220 of 2,448,513 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes