Warren Schmaus
Illinois Institute of Technology
Renouvier criticized Comte’s positivist philosophy of science and proposed a social contract approach for dealing with normative questions in philosophy of science as well as moral philosophy. Renouvier then questioned Kant’s distinction between practical and theoretical reason and argued that judgments concerning epistemic warrant must be freely made in the same way that moral judgments are made. What counts as scientific knowledge depends on a consensus within the scientific community that develops over time through critical inquiry in much the same way that a legitimate contract governing society at large must. But a scientific contract consisting of conventionally held theories and methods depends for its justification on a larger social contract that guarantees freedom of inquiry.
Keywords positivism  Comte  Renouvier
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Reprint years 2011
DOI 10.1086/658370
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References found in this work BETA

Renouvier and the Method of Hypothesis.Warren Schmaus - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (1):132-148.
Renouvier et «la psychologie de l'homme primitif.Daniel Becquemont - 2003 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 45:131-157.

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Idealism, Pragmatism, and the Will to Believe: Charles Renouvier and William James.Jeremy Dunham - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (4):1-23.

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