Authors
Jutta Schickore
Indiana University, Bloomington
Abstract
Vision, Visibility, and Empirical Research. In general, natural scientists use the concept of observation in a liberal way: they talk of observing electrons, DNA, or distant quasars. Several philosophers of science have recently argued for a similar use of the concept of observation: they have claimed that the important aspects of scientific research can only be properly reconstructed in accordance with how this term is actually used in science. With reference to an example from astronomy, I point out that the proposed generalisation of the concept of observation leads to undesirable consequences. I argue that a differentiated conceptual framework is required in order to give an adequate account of the varieties of scientific experience. Thus, the appropriate starting point for distinguishing these various scientific research practices should not be the generalised scientific conception of observation, but instead distinctly different uses of the term observation drawn from ordinary language.
Keywords concept of observation  research practices  instruments  image processing  astronomy
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DOI 10.1023/A:1008374032737
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
Knowledge and the Flow of Information.F. Dretske - 1989 - Trans/Form/Ação 12:133-139.
Scientific Realism.Jarrett Leplin (ed.) - 1984 - University of California.
The Concept of Observation in Science and Philosophy.Dudley Shapere - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (4):485-525.

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