The Ethics of Reasoning from Conjecture

Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (4):521-544 (2012)

Abstract
An important objection to political liberalism is that it provides no means by which to decide conflicts between public and non-public reasons. This article develops John Rawls' idea of `reasoning from conjecture' as one way to argue for a commitment to public reason. Reasoning from conjecture is a form of non-public justification that allows political liberals to reason from within the comprehensive views of at least some unreasonable citizens. After laying out the basic features of this form of non-public justification, this article responds to three objections based on concerns about insincerity, cultural imperialism, and the epistemic authority of those who reason from conjecture
Keywords Rawls   public reason   political liberalism   reasoning from conjecture
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DOI 10.1163/174552412X628931
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The Separation of Church and State and the Obligations of Citizenship.Robert Audi - 1989 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (3):259-296.

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Citations of this work BETA

In Defence of Intelligible Reasons in Public Justification.Kevin Vallier - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (264):596-616.
Can My Religion Influence My Conception of Justice? Political Liberalism and the Role of Comprehensive Doctrines.Paul Billingham - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (4):402-424.
The Mutability of Public Reason.Chad Flanders - 2012 - Ratio Juris 25 (2):180-205.

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