Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):319-347 (1993)

Authors
Kenneth Schaffner
University of Pittsburgh
Abstract
This paper examines the nature of theory structure in biology and considers the implications of those theoretical structures for theory reduction. An account of biological theories as interlevel prototypes embodying causal sequences, and related to each other by strong analogies, is presented, and examples from the neurosciences are provided to illustrate these middle-range theories. I then go on to discuss several modifications of Nagel''s classical model of theory reduction, and indicate at what stages in the development of reductions these models might best apply. Finally I consider several implications of these analyses of theory structure and reduction for disciplinary integration in biology.
Keywords Theory structure  reduction  integration  neuroscience   Aplysia  parallel processing  explanation
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DOI 10.1007/BF00860432
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Beyond Reduction: Mechanisms, Multifield Integration and the Unity of Neuroscience.Carl F. Craver - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):373-395.
When Integration Fails: Prokaryote Phylogeny and the Tree of Life.Maureen A. O’Malley - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4a):551-562.
Biology Meets Physics: Reductionism and Multi-Scale Modeling of Morphogenesis.Sara Green & Robert Batterman - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 7161:20-34.
Can Neurobiology Teach Us Anything About Consciousness?Patricia S. Churchland - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (4):23-40.

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The Formal Structure of Genetics and the Reduction Problem.A. Lindenmayer & N. Simon - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:160 - 170.
Approaches to Reduction.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (2):137-147.
Reduction and Genetics.David L. Hull - 1981 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 6 (2):125-144.

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