This paper begins by describing recent controversies over cross-contamination of crops in the United States and European Union. The EU and US are both applying the principle of freedom of cropping to resolve these conflicts, which is based on an individualistic philosophy. However, despite the EU and the US starting with the principle of freedom of cropping they have very dissimilar regulatory regimes for coexistence. These contradictory policies based upon the same principle are creating different sets of winners and losers. In the US the organic industry claims the system of coexistence is unfair and in the EU the biotech industry claims the system is unfair. It seems that states, despites claims to neutrality and freedom of choice, are prejudicing one system of agriculture over another in resolutions to the conflict over cross contamination. In this paper I will argue that if states cannot remain neutral in coexistence policies, there are conditional reasons for favoring the organic industry over the biotech industry in coexistence policies based in communitarian moral philosophy
Keywords Ethics  Cross contamination  Genetically modified crops  Coexistence  Social and political philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10806-015-9570-y
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 64,107
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Communitarian Critique of Liberalism.Michael Walzer - 1990 - Political Theory 18 (1):6-23.
Agrarianism and the American Philosophical Tradition.Paul Thompson - 1990 - Agriculture and Human Values 7 (1):3-8.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Coexistence of Plants and Coexistence of Farmers: Is an Individual Choice Possible? [REVIEW]Rosa Binimelis - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (5):437-457.
The Transatlantic Rift in Genetically Modified Food Policy.Celina Ramjoué - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (5):419-436.
Contamination, Crop Trials, and Compatibility.Donald Bruce - 2003 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (6):595-604.
Teaching Conflict: Professionalism and Medical Education.K. J. Holloway - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (4):675-685.
GM Crops: Patently Wrong? [REVIEW]James Wilson - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (3):261-283.
Harre's Social Philosophy and Political Philosophy: A Social Scientific Critique.Carl Ratner - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (4):448-465.
Ethical and Value-Based Aspects of the European Commission's Precautionary Principle.Susan Carr - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (1):31-38.
Conflict of Interest in Industry-Sponsored Clinical Research.Sarah Roberts-Cady - 2010 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):47-59.


Added to PP index

Total views
28 ( #393,035 of 2,454,653 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #449,768 of 2,454,653 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes