A common tactic in public debates over science and technology is to dismissively label innovations as mere technological fixes. This tactic can be readily observed in the long debate over agricultural biotechnology. While these criticisms are often superficial rhetorical tactics, they point to deeper philosophical disagreements about the role of technology in society. Examining the technological fix criticism can clarify these underlying philosophical disagreements and the debate over biotechnology. The first part of this essay discusses the origins of the notion of a technological fix and distinguishes two types of technological fix criticisms, philosophical and practical. These distinctions are then applied to clarify and evaluate arguments for and against agricultural biotechnology. This analysis should clarify the debates over agricultural biotechnology and bring to light fundamental philosophical differences over the role of technology in agriculture
Keywords Technological fix  Agricultural biotechnology debate  Green revolution  Golden rice
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DOI 10.1007/s10806-010-9253-7
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References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis.Lynn White Jr - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application, Belmont: Wadsworth Company.
Return to Reason.Stephen Edelston Toulmin - 2001 - Harvard University Press.
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The Myth of Efficiency: Technology and Ethics in Industrial Food Production.Diana Stuart & Michelle R. Woroosz - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):231-256.

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