Authors
Linda Zagzebski
University of Oklahoma
Joshua Seachris
University of Oklahoma (PhD)
Abstract
It is often argued that the great quantity of evil in our world makes God’s existence less likely than a lesser quantity would, and this, presumably, because the probability that some evils are gratuitous increases as the overall quantity of evil increases. Often, an additive approach to quantifying evil is employed in such arguments. In this paper, we examine C. S. Lewis’ objection to the additive approach, arguing that although he is correct to reject this approach, there is a sense in which he underestimates the quantity of pain. However, the quantity of pain in that sense does not significantly increase the probability that some pain is gratuitous. Therefore, the quantitative argument likely fails.
Keywords Adding pain  C. S. Lewis  Evil  Gratuitous pain  Quantitative argument  Suffering
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11153-007-9133-x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism.William L. Rowe - 1979 - American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (4):335 - 341.
Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.David Hume - 1779/1998 - In Elizabeth Schmidt Radcliffe, Richard McCarty, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Philosophical Review. Blackwell. pp. 338-339.
The Problem of Pain.C. S. Lewis - 1944 - New York: Macmillan.
God, Evil, and Suffering.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 1999 - In Michael Murray (ed.), Reason for the Hope Within. Eerdmans. pp. 217--237.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Skeptical Theism and the Threshold Problem.Yishai Cohen - 2013 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 18 (1):73-92.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

God and Toleration.Xunwu Chen - 2010 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 15 (2):335-353.
Possible Evils.Allan Hazlett - 2006 - Ratio 19 (2):191–198.
Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God.Philip L. Quinn - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (3):476-479.
Legal Moralism and Freefloating Evils.Joel Feinberg - 1980 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 61 (1/2):122.
The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil.Claudia Card - 2002 - Oxford University Press USA.
Weighing Explanations.Stephen Kearns & Daniel Star - forthcoming - In Andrew Reisner & Iwao Hirose (eds.), Weighing and Reasoning: A Festschrift for John Broome. Oxford University Press.
Weighing Complex Evidence in a Democratic Society.Heather Douglas - 2012 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 22 (2):139-162.
Evil, Meaning and Meaning-Makers.Daniel Ambord - 2010 - Ars Disputandi 10:38-49.
Lewis's DS Approach is a Tool, Not a Theory.Craig DeLancey - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):201-201.
Inscrutable Evils: Still Numerous, Still Relevant.Robert Bass - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 75 (4):379–384.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
354 ( #20,649 of 2,386,633 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
58 ( #11,666 of 2,386,633 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes