La dispute de Bolzano avec Kant : Fragment d'un dialogue sur la connaissance mathématique

Philosophiques 30 (1):47-66 (2003)
Abstract
Ce dialogue confronte deux conceptions qui dominent jusqu’à nos jours la philosophie des mathématiques : d’un côté la conception kantienne qui souligne l’irréductible apport de l’intuition dans la formulation des axiomes, ainsi que l’effectivité des procédés de construction ; de l’autre côté la conception bolzanienne qui s’efforce d’éliminer toute intervention de l’intuition au profit des démonstrations et des procédés purement conceptuels.In this dialogue, two opposed conceptions, which dominate the philosophy of mathematics till today, are confronted. Kant’s account of mathematics is based upon the activity of constructing mathematical objects in pure intuition . In yielding objects for mathematics, our intuition contributes in an essential way to the formulation of mathematical truths. Against Kant, Bolzano argues that intuition has place neither in arithmetic nor in geometry and that mathematical existence consists in the possibility of the defined objects. i.e. in non-contradiction. For Bolzano, the central idea of mathematics is that of rigorous proof
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DOI 10.7202/007731ar
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