Medical knowledge and the improvement of vernacular languages in the Habsburg Monarchy: A case study from Transylvania (1770–1830) [Book Review]


Abstract
In all European countries, the eighteenth century was characterised by efforts to improve the vernaculars. The Transylvanian case study shows how both codified medical language and ordinary language were constructed and enriched by a large number of medical books and brochures. The publication of medical literature in Central European vernacular languages in order to popularise new medical knowledge was a comprehensive programme, designed on the one hand by intellectual, political and religious elites who urged the improvement of the fatherland and the promotion of the common good by perfecting the arts and sciences. On the other hand, the imperial administration’s initiatives affected local forms of medical knowledge and the construction of vernacular languages. In the eighteenth century, the construction of vernacular languages in the Habsburg Monarchy took on a significant political character. However, in the process of building of the scientific and medical vocabulary, the main preoccupation was precision, clarity and accessibility of the neologisms being invented to encompass the medical phenomena being described. In spite of political conflicts among the ‘nations’ living in Transylvania, physicians borrowed words from German, Hungarian and Romanian. Thus they elevated several words used in everyday language to the upper social stratum of language use, leading to the invention of new terms to describe particular medical practices or phenomena
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.shpsc.2012.02.004
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 46,282
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Habsburg Monarchy, 1848–1918. Vol. IV.Klaus-Detlev Grothusen - 1986 - Philosophy and History 19 (1):83-84.
Ethics Policy Review: A Case Study in Quality Improvement.A. N. Frolic & K. Drolet - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2):98-103.
On Human Improvement.Asher Seidel - 1999 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (2):209-222.
Expert and Non-Expert Knowledge in Medical Practice.Ingemar Nordin - 2000 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):295-302.
Introduction: Centre and Periphery in the Eighteenth-Century Habsburg 'Medical Empire'.E. C. Spary - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (3):684-690.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2012-08-16

Total views
13 ( #654,188 of 2,285,981 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #833,345 of 2,285,981 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature