Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):368-382 (2012)

Authors
Abstract
A wide range of medical institutions have developed and implemented policies to mitigate the adverse consequences of conflicts of interest. These newly implemented policies, which include regulation of industry contact with physicians and hospitals, controls on gifts from industry, and greater transparency in industry sponsored activities, have generated considerable controversy.Formulating and evaluating policies in a neutral, unbiased fashion can be difficult for those personally affected. When people have a stake in an issue, they tend to process information in a selective fashion that supports their personal interests, a phenomenon known as “motivated reasoning.” When decision makers with preexisting opinions are exposed to information, they are inclined to selectively use the information to arrive at conclusions that justify their prior beliefs. When confronted with information that contradicts existing views, people evaluate it with greater skepticism. Additionally, once decision makers have reached a decision, they are likely to evaluate subsequent evidence in a biased manner that supports their decision.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1748-720x.2012.00670.x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 60,901
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Strengthening Conflict‐of‐Interest Policies in Medicine.Lisa Cosgrove & Harold J. Bursztajn - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (1):21-24.
The Troublesome Semantics of Conflict of Interest.Paul J. Friedman - 1992 - Ethics and Behavior 2 (4):245 – 251.
Institutional Conflicts of Interest in Academic Research.David B. Resnik - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (6):1661-1669.
Conflict of Interest in Industry-Sponsored Clinical Research.Sarah Roberts-Cady - 2010 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (1):47-59.
Conflict of Interests, Vested Interests and Health Research.Miles Little - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (4):413-420.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2016-02-04

Total views
7 ( #1,023,706 of 2,439,040 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #434,440 of 2,439,040 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes