Faith and Philosophy 14 (4):478-509 (1997)

Authors
David Shatz
Yeshiva University
Abstract
The doctrine that God hardens some agents’ hearts generates philosophical perplexities. Why would God deprive someone of free will and the opportunity to repent? Or is God’s interference compatible with the agent’s free will and his having an opportunity to repent? In this paper, I examine how two Jewish philosophers, Moses Maimonides and Joseph Albo, handled these questions. I analyze six approaches growing out of their writings and argue that a naturalistic interpretation of hardening --- as irreversible habituation --- has advantages over alternative approaches. This account of hardening, however, fits best with the thesis that God does sometimes intervene to improve an agent’s will
Keywords Contemporary Philosophy  Philosophy and Religion
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ISBN(s) 0739-7046
DOI 10.5840/faithphil199714443
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9. Intellect, Will, and the Principle of Alternate Possibilities.Eleonore Stump - 1993 - In John Martin Fischer & Mark Ravizza (eds.), Perspectives on Moral Responsibility. Cornell University Press. pp. 237-262.
Are Coerced Acts Free?Michael J. Murray & David F. Dudrick - 1995 - American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (2):109 - 123.

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