Memory, Knowledge and Epistemic Competence

Abstract
Sosa (2007) claims that a necessary condition on knowledge is manifesting an epistemic competence. To manifest an epistemic competence, a belief must satisfy two conditions: (1) it must derive from the exercise of a reliable belief-forming disposition in appropriate conditions for its exercise and (2) that exercise of the disposition in those conditions would not issue a false belief in a close possible world. Drawing on recent psychological research, I show that memories that are issued by episodic memory retrieval fail to satisfy either of these conditions. This presents Sosa, and other proponents of similar conditions (e.g. some safety theorists and process reliabilists), with a dilemma: (1) deny that episodic memories count as knowledge or (2) give up the conditions as necessary conditions on knowledge. I explore the implications of this dilemma for our understanding of knowledge, memory and the relationship between them
Keywords Philosophy   Neurosciences   Philosophy of Mind   Epistemology   Philosophy of Science   Developmental Psychology   Cognitive Psychology
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DOI 10.1007/s13164-010-0038-8
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References found in this work BETA
Knowledge and its Limits.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?Edmund Gettier - 1963 - Analysis 23 (6):121-123.
Self-Projection and the Brain.R. L. Buckner & D. C. Carroll - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):49-57.
The Generality Problem for Reliabilism.E. Conee & R. Feldman - 1998 - Philosophical Studies 89 (1):1-29.

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Citations of this work BETA
Is External Memory Memory? Biological Memory and Extended Mind.Kourken Michaelian - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1154-1165.
Metacognition and Endorsement.Kourken Michaelian - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (3):284-307.
The Episodicity of Memory.D. Perrin & S. Rousset - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (3):291-312.

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