To get to grips with what Shapiro does and can say about higher-order vagueness, it is ﬁrst necessary to thoroughly review and evaluate his conception of (ﬁrst-order) vagueness, a conception which is both rich and suggestive but, as it turns out, not so easy to stabilise. In Sections I–IV, his basic position on vagueness (see Shapiro ) is outlined and assessed. As we go along, I offer some suggestions for improvement. In Sections V–VI, I review two key paradoxes of higher-order vagueness, while in Section VII, I explore a possible line of response to such paradoxes given by Keefe . In Section VIII, I assess whether which Shapiro might adapt Keefe’s response to combat both paradoxes.