Ethics and Global Politics 15 (1):1-7 (2022)

Authors
Daniel Sharp
New York University
Abstract
In ‘Are Citizenship Tests Necessarily Illiberal?’, Michael Blake argues that difficult citizenship tests are not necessarily illiberal, so long as they test for the right things. In this paper, I argue that Blake’s attempt to square citizenship tests with liberalism fails. Blake underestimates the burdens citizenship tests impose on immigrants, ignoring in particular the egalitarian claims immigrants have on equal social membership. Moreover, Blake’s positive justification of citizenship tests – that they help justify immigrants’ coercive voting power – both neglects the fact that such tests are coercively imposed on immigrants and that the citizenship test Blake envisions does little to help ensure immigrants’ votes are legitimate. Citizenship tests thus aren’t, even in principle, a way of protecting citizens from unjustified coercive power. They are, even under favourable circumstances, an illiberal way of obstructing immigrants’ quest for social equality.
Keywords citizenship tests   citizenship   egalitarianism   immigration   relational egalitarianism   immigration
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DOI 10.1080/16544951.2022.2031588
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References found in this work BETA

The Ethics of Immigration.Joseph Carens - 2013 - New York: Oxford University Press.
Rule Over None II: Social Equality and the Justification of Democracy.Niko Kolodny - 2014 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 42 (4):287-336.
Democratic Equality and Political Authority.Daniel Viehoff - 2014 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 42 (4):337-375.
Are Citizenship Tests Necessarily Illiberal?Michael Blake - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (2):313-329.

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