A Study on the Theory of "Returning to the Original" and "Recovering Nature" in Chinese Philosophy

Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (4):502 - 519 (2008)
The approach of returning to the original and recovering nature is a typical characteristic of Chinese philosophy. It was founded by the Daoist School and followed by both Daoist and Confucian schools. The precondition of returning to the original and recovering nature is the stillness and goodness within nature integrated into a whole afterwards. Its implementation includes not only returning to the original root so as to achieve the philosophical aim but also restoration to the original nature after it is injured by man's physical nature and desire. The realization of human nature depends on the work making up for the loss of the original nature. Although there are different methods of realization concerning the return to the original nature, such as returning to the root, seeking the lost mind, extinguishing desire, being good at return, and the self-consciousness of intuitive knowledge, all of these aim at returning to the original nature of stillness and purity. The philosophical value consists in the unceasing pursuit of returning to the original nature. /// 摘要 "反本" "复性" 的哲学道路充分体现了中国哲学的特色。这一道路虽由道 家所开创,却为儒道两家所共循。反本复性的前提是本静和性善,二者后来又融为 一体。其工夫既包括复返原初本根以实现哲学目的,又重在对情欲、气质造成的本 性缺失进行修复。人性有失故 "未成" 故需要去偏、复全以成性。反本复性有 "归 根"、"求放心"、"灭情"、"善反"和 "良知自觉" 等多种方式,但又都以回 到清静纯粹的先天本性为哲学的目的。哲学的价值就体现在对反本复性的不懈追求 之中。.
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