Controlled and automatic human information processing: Perceptual learning, automatic attending, and a general theory

Psychological Review 84 (2):128-90 (1977)

Abstract
Tested the 2-process theory of detection, search, and attention presented by the current authors in a series of experiments. The studies demonstrate the qualitative difference between 2 modes of information processing: automatic detection and controlled search; trace the course of the learning of automatic detection, of categories, and of automatic-attention responses; and show the dependence of automatic detection on attending responses and demonstrate how such responses interrupt controlled processing and interfere with the focusing of attention. The learning of categories is shown to improve controlled search performance. A general framework for human information processing is proposed. The framework emphasizes the roles of automatic and controlled processing. The theory is compared to and contrasted with extant models of search and attention
Keywords *Attention  *Classification  *Cognitive Processes  *Practice  *Visual Discrimination  Theories
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1037/0033-295X.84.2.127
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 41,668
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Studies of Interference in Serial Verbal Reactions.J. R. Stroop - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (6):643.
Depth of Processing and the Retention of Words in Episodic Memory.Fergus I. M. Craik & Endel Tulving - 1975 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 104 (3):268-294.

View all 39 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

On a Confusion About a Function of Consciousness.Ned Block - 1995 - Brain and Behavioral Sciences 18 (2):227-–247.
Perceptual Symbol Systems.Lawrence W. Barsalou - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):577-660.
On the Proper Treatment of Connectionism.Paul Smolensky - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):1-23.
Six Views of Embodied Cognition.Margaret Wilson - 2002 - Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 9 (4):625--636.

View all 705 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Ethical Automaticity.M. Brownstein & A. Madva - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (1):68-98.
Who is the Controller of Controlled Processes?Daniel M. Wegner - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 19-36.
Is Human Information Processing Conscious?Max Velmans - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):651-69.
Controlled and Automatic Human Information Processing: I.Walter E. Schneider & Richard M. Shiffrin - 1977 - Detection, Search, and Attention. Psychological Review 84:1-66.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
202 ( #33,330 of 2,250,075 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
12 ( #86,137 of 2,250,075 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature