Internet protocol development is a social process, and resulting protocols are shaped by their developers’ politics and values. This article argues that the work of protocol development poses barriers to developers’ reflection upon values and politics in protocol design. A participant observation of a team developing internet protocols revealed that difficulties defining the stakeholders in an infrastructure and tensions between local and global viewpoints both complicated values reflection. Further, Internet architects tended to equate a core value of interoperability with values neutrality. The article describes how particular work practices within infrastructure development overcame these challenges by engaging developers in praxis: situated, lived experience of the social nature of technology.
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DOI 10.1177/0162243917714869
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References found in this work BETA

Do Artifacts Have Politics?Langdon Winner - 1980 - Daedalus 109 (1):121--136.
Human Values and the Design of Computer Technology.Batya Friedman (ed.) - 1997 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.

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Is Technology Value-Neutral?Boaz Miller - 2021 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 46 (1):53-80.

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