Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (3-4):425-446 (2018)

Derek Shiller
Princeton University (PhD)
This paper offers a noncognitivist characterization of moral attitudes, according to which moral attitudes count as such because of their inclusion of moral concepts. Moral concepts are distinguished by their contribution to the functional roles of some of the attitudes in which they can occur. They have no particular functional role in other attitudes, and should instead be viewed as evolutionary spandrels. In order to make the counter-intuitive implications of the view more palatable, the paper ends with an account of the evolution of normative judgments as exaptations of the cognitive structures that underlie beliefs.
Keywords Noncognitivism  Moral Evolution  Frege-Geach Problem  Language of Thought
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Reprint years 2017, 2018
DOI 10.1080/00455091.2017.1413843
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